Herpes affects millions of people worldwide. What is frightening is that a lot of people don’t know that they have it increasing the risk of infecting other people.

what-is-genital-herpesWhat is genital herpes?
Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease commonly caused by the HSV virus. There two types of the HSV virus which cause herpes. The HSV-1 virus is the common cause of oral herpes or cold sores. Oral herpes affects the areas of the mouth and the lips. Although HSV-1 has also been known to cause of herpes, the HSV-2 virus is commonly the cause of herpes which affects the genital area. According to some estimates, about forty-five million people in the United States, ages 12 and older are infected with the herpes virus.

What are the symptoms of genital herpes?
The presence of herpes is usually manifested by the outbreak of sores within the genital area and the rectum. These sores become blisters which eventually pop, causing painful wounds to the person infected. The onset of an outbreak of herpes sores is usually preceded by the itchiness or tingling in the affected areas. Other symptoms can include fever, lethargy and flu-like symptoms. In a lot of instances, an infected person may not have the symptoms or may manifest symptoms so mild; it may not be recognized as herpes. However, this does not mean that he or she is not capable of infecting other people through viral shedding. A google image search will bring up many galleries of herpes suffers for identification purposes.

hsv-2-statisticsHow is herpes transmitted?
Genital herpes is usually transmitted through sexual contact with an infected person. The virus is present and can be transferred to another person via the exchange of body fluids such as saliva, semen and vaginal discharges. The disease can also be contracted through contact with the herpes sores. The virus enters the body through lesions in the skin and the mucous membranes of the body. After the virus enters the body, it usually hides within the nervous system of the infected person until certain conditions trigger an outbreak of herpes sores. The first outbreak is usually the worst regarding the intensity of symptoms, but these outbreaks usually diminish in frequency and intensity after the first.

Is there a cure for genital herpes?
There is no HSV 2 Cure. Instead, current methods are aimed to address herpes symptoms and treatment is focused on providing relief from, hastening the recovery of, and lessening the frequency of herpes sores outbreaks. Antiviral medications and topical ointments are usually prescribed by the attending physician to address these symptoms. Alternative and homoeopathic remedies are also available and may be taken with conventional methods of treatment to hasten relief.